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Data from: Nighttime warming enhances ecosystem carbon-use efficiency in a temperate steppe

Citation

Wang, Jing et al. (2020), Data from: Nighttime warming enhances ecosystem carbon-use efficiency in a temperate steppe, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.3ffbg79fk

Abstract

1. Reductions in the diurnal temperature range (DTR), e.g., greater increases in daily minimum than maximum temperatures, have occurred for several decades and are projected to continue over this century, which could affect terrestrial carbon (C) cycling. Carbon-use efficiency of plants (CUEp) and ecosystems (CUEe) represents the capacity of plants to capture C and ecosystems to store C fixed from the atmosphere, respectively. Few studies have examined how grassland CUE responds to asymmetric warming.

2. As part of a long-term (2006-2016) field experiment that simulated daytime and nighttime warming in a semiarid temperate steppe on the Mongolian Plateau, this study was conducted to examine the effects of daytime and nighttime warming on CUEp and CUEe.

3. Nighttime warming, unlike daytime warming, increased CUEe by 54.2%, whereas neither nighttime nor daytime warming affected CUEp. Ecosystem-level CUE linearly increased with soil moisture but declined with soil temperature variation (CVST). The suppressed ER, which might have been driven by the reduced CVST, primarily contributed to the higher CUEe under nighttime warming.

4. These observations indicate that a reduced DTR, associated with a warmer night under asymmetric diurnal climate warming, could increase the capacity of the temperate steppe transferring C into ecosystems by elevating CUEe, resulting more C sequestration.