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Ecological causes of fluctuating natural selection on habitat choice in an amphibian

Citation

Van Buskirk, Joseph; Smith, David C. (2021), Ecological causes of fluctuating natural selection on habitat choice in an amphibian, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.3ffbg79hx

Abstract

We estimated natural selection targeting three traits related to habitat choice in a frog (Pseudacris maculata) breeding in pools on the rocky shores of Isle Royale, Michigan, over 16 years. Our aim was to identify the form and ecological causes of annual variation in directional and correlational selection as expressed in the survival and growth of tadpoles. We found directional selection favoring early breeding, but pool choice was under weak stabilizing selection. However, the form of stabilizing selection and the position of the optimum trait value shifted among years with the severity of disturbance and the intensity of biotic interactions. In years when wave wash and pool desiccation were severe, selection shifted to favor tadpoles in habitats where these risks were less pronounced. If predatory dragonfly larvae were abundant, selection favored tadpoles in small pools where dragonflies did not occur. When intraspecific competition was strong, selection favored early broods within a broader range of pool types. The agents of selection in this study – biotic interactions and disturbance – are common to many ecological systems and frequently exhibit temporal variation; this suggests that fluctuating selection may be widespread in natural populations.

Methods

Detailed description in the published paper.

Usage Notes

For details about the data sets, read the file called README.txt

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: BSR-8516600

National Science Foundation, Award: BSR-8801008

National Science Foundation, Award: DEB-9408397

Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung, Award: 31-50525.97