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Data from: Genome-wide association mapping of date palm fruit traits


Hazzouri, Khaled M. et al. (2019), Data from: Genome-wide association mapping of date palm fruit traits, Dryad, Dataset,


Date palms (Phoenix dactylifera) are an important fruit crop of arid regions of the Middle East and North Africa. Despite its importance, few genomic resources exist for date palms, hampering evolutionary genomic studies of this perennial crop species. Here we report an improved long-read genome assembly for P. dactylifera that is 772.3 Mb in length, with contig N50 of 897.2 Kb, and use this to perform GWAS mapping of the sex determining region and 21 fruit traits. We find a fruit color GWAS at the R2R3-MYB transcription factor (VIRESCENS) gene and identify functional alleles that include a retrotransposon insertion and start codon mutation. We also find a GWAS peak for sugar composition spanning deletion polymorphisms in multiple linked invertase genes. MYB transcription factors and invertase are implicated in fruit color and sugar composition in other crop species, demonstrating the importance of parallel evolution in the evolutionary diversification of domesticated species.

Usage Notes


Middle East
Arabian Peninsula
United Arab Emirate