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The genetic architectures of vine and skin maturity in tetraploid potato

Citation

Endelman, Jeffrey; Caraza-Harter, Maria (2022), The genetic architectures of vine and skin maturity in tetraploid potato, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.3n5tb2rk0

Abstract

Potato vine and skin maturity, which refer to foliar senescence and adherence of the tuber periderm, respectively, are both important to production and therefore breeding. Our objective was to investigate the genetic architectures of these traits in a genome-wide association panel of 586 genotypes, and through joint linkage mapping in a half-diallel subset (N = 397). Skin maturity was measured by image analysis after mechanized harvest 120 days after planting. To correct for the influence of vine maturity on skin maturity under these conditions, the former was used as a covariate in the analysis. The genomic heritability based on a 10K SNP array was 0.33 for skin maturity vs. 0.46 for vine maturity. Only minor QTL were detected for skin maturity, the largest being on chromosome 9 and explaining 8% of the variation. As in many previous studies, S. tuberosum Cycling DOF Factor 1 (CDF1) had a large influence on vine maturity, explaining 33% of the variation in the panel as a bi-allelic SNP and 44% in the half-diallel as a multi-allelic QTL. From the estimated effects of the parental haplotypes in the half-diallel and prior knowledge of the allelic series for CDF1, the CDF1 allele for each haplotype was predicted and ultimately confirmed through whole-genome sequencing. The ability to connect statistical alleles from QTL models with biological alleles based on DNA sequencing represents a new milestone in genomics-assisted breeding for tetraploid species.

Funding

Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Award: Specialty Crop Block Grant 16-02

Wisconsin Potato and Vegetable Growers Association

Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Graduate Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison