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Data from: Pop-out search instigates beta-gated feature selectivity enhancement across V4 layers

Citation

Westerberg, Jacob; Sigworth, Elizabeth; Schall, Jeffrey; Maier, Alexander (2021), Data from: Pop-out search instigates beta-gated feature selectivity enhancement across V4 layers, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.3r2280gh4

Abstract

Visual search is a work-horse for investigating how attention interacts with processing of sensory information. Attentional selection has been linked to altered cortical sensory responses and feature preferences (i.e., tuning). However, attentional modulation of feature selectivity during search is largely unexplored. Here we map the spatiotemporal profile of feature selectivity during singleton search. Monkeys performed search where a pop-out feature determined the target of attention. We recorded laminar neural responses from visual area V4. We first identified “feature columns” which showed preference for individual colors. In the unattended condition, feature columns were significantly more selective in superficial relative to middle and deep layers. Attending a stimulus increased selectivity in all layers but not equally. Feature selectivity increased most in the deep layers, leading to higher selectivity in extragranular layers as compared to the middle layer. This attention-induced enhancement was rhythmically gated in phase with the beta-band local field potential. Beta power dominated both extragranular laminar compartments, but current source density analysis pointed to an origin in superficial layers, specifically. While beta-band power was present regardless of attentional state, feature selectivity was only gated by beta in the attended condition. Neither the beta oscillation nor its gating of feature selectivity varied with microsaccade production. Importantly, beta modulation of neural activity predicted response times, suggesting a direct link between attentional gating and behavioral output. Together, these findings suggest beta-range synaptic activation in V4's superficial layers rhythmically gates attentional enhancement of feature tuning in a way that affects the speed of attentional selection.

Methods

Data were collected using linear multielectrode arrays positioned orthogonal to area V4 in the prelunate gyrus of two macaque monkeys performing a visual search task.

Usage Notes

Data are formatted for use in MATLAB. ReadMe contains information pertinent to the dataset variables.

Funding

National Eye Institute, Award: R01EY019882

National Eye Institute, Award: R01EY008890

National Eye Institute, Award: P30EY008126

NIH Office of the Director, Award: S10OD021771