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Data from: Gene flow between wolf and shepherd dog populations in Georgia (Caucasus)

Citation

Kopaliani, Natia et al. (2014), Data from: Gene flow between wolf and shepherd dog populations in Georgia (Caucasus), Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.3rn6c

Abstract

We studied the distribution of the mitochondrial DNA haplotypes and microsatellite genotypes at eight loci in 102 grey wolves, 57 livestock guarding dogs, and 9 mongrel dogs from Georgia (Caucasus). Most of the studied dogs had mitochondrial haplotypes clustered with presumably East Asian dog lineages, and most of the studied wolves had the haplotypes clustered with European wolves, but 20% of wolves and 37% of dogs shared the same mitochondrial haplotypes. Bayesian inference with STRUCTURE software suggested that over 13% of the studied wolves had detectable dog ancestry and over 10% of the dogs had detectable wolf ancestry. 2-3% of the sampled wolves and dogs were identified, with a high probability, as first generation hybrids. These results were supported by the relatedness analysis which showed that 10% of wolves and 20% of dogs had closest relatives from an opposite group. The results of the study suggest that wolf-dog hybridization is a common event in the areas where large livestock guarding dogs are held in a traditional way, and that gene flow between dogs and grey wolves was an important force influencing gene pool of dogs for millennia since early domestication events. This process may have been terminated (1) in areas outside the natural range of grey wolves and (2) since very recent time, when humans started to more tightly control contacts of purebred dogs.

Usage Notes

Location

West Asia
Georgia
Caucasus