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Data from: Feasibility of a blended group intervention (bGT) for major depression: uncontrolled interventional study in a university setting

Citation

Schuster, Raphael et al. (2018), Data from: Feasibility of a blended group intervention (bGT) for major depression: uncontrolled interventional study in a university setting, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.3rp58

Abstract

Objective: This study investigated the feasibility of a novel blended (face-to-face and computer-based) group intervention for the reduction of depressive symptoms in major depression. Design: Patient-centred uncontrolled interventional study. Setting: University setting in a general community sample. A multi-modal recruitment strategy (public health centres and public areas) was applied. Participants: Based on independent interviews, 26 participants, diagnosed with major depressive disorder (81 % female; 23 % comorbidity > 1, 23 % comorbidity > 2), entered treatment. Intervention: Acceptance and mindfulness-based, as well as self-management and resource-oriented psychotherapy principles served as the theoretical basis for the low-threshold intervention. The blended format included face-to-face sessions, complemented with multimedia presentations and a platform featuring videos, online work sheets, an unguided group-chat, as well as remote therapistpatient communication. Main outcome measures: The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale (CES-D) and the twelve-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Results: Large to very large within group effect sizes were found on self-reported depression (F(2, 46.37)=25.69, p < .001; d = 1.80), general health (F(2,46.73)= 11.47, p < .001; d = 1.32), personal resources (F(2,43.36)= 21.17, p < .001; d = 0.90) and mindfulness (F(2,46.22)= 9.40, p < .001; d = 1.12) after a follow-up period of three months. Treatment satisfaction was high and 69 % ranked computer and multimedia use as a therapeutic factor. Furthermore, participants described treatment intensification as important advantage of the blended format. Half of patients (48 %) would have preferred more time for personal exchange. Conclusion: The investigated blended group format seems feasible for the reduction of depressive symptoms in major depression. The development of blended interventions can benefit from assuring that highly structured treatments actually meet patients’ needs. As a next step, the intervention should be tested in comparative trials in routine care. Trial registration: DRKS-ID: DRKS00010894

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