Clinical and Molecular Analysis in Two Families with Novel Compound Heterozygous SBP2 (SECISBP2) Mutations
Dumitrescu, Alexandra (2019), Clinical and Molecular Analysis in Two Families with Novel Compound Heterozygous SBP2 (SECISBP2) Mutations, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.3xsj3tx9x
Context: Selenocysteine insertion sequence binding protein 2 (SECISBP2, SBP2) is an essential factor for selenoprotein synthesis. Individuals with SBP2 defects have characteristic thyroid function tests (TFT) abnormalities due to deficiencies in the selenoenzymes deiodinases. Eight families with recessive SBP2 gene mutations have been reported to date. We report two families with inherited defect in thyroid hormone metabolism caused by four novel compound heterozygous mutations in the SBP2 gene.
Case Descriptions: Proband 1 and 2 presented with growth and developmental delay. Both had characteristic TFT with high T4, low T3, high reverse T3 and normal or slightly elevated TSH. The coding region of the SBP2 gene was sequenced and analysis of in-vitro translated wild type and mutant SBP2 proteins was performed.
Sequencing of the SBP2 gene identified novel compound heterozygous mutations resulting in mutant SBP2 proteins E679D and R197* in proband 1, and K682Tfs*2 and Q782* in proband 2. In-vitro translation of the missense E679D demonstrated all four isoforms, while R197* had only two shorter isoforms translated from downstream ATGs, and Q782*, K682Tfs*2 expressed isoforms with truncated C-terminus. Reduction in serum glutathione peroxidase enzymatic activity was also demonstrated in both probands.
Conclusions: We report two additional families with mutations in the SBP2 gene, a rare inherited condition manifesting global selenoprotein deficiencies. Report of additional families with SBP2 deficiency and their evaluation over time is needed to determine the full spectrum of clinical manifestations in SBP2 deficiency and increase our understanding of the role played by SBP2 and selenoproteins in health and disease.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Award: DK110322