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Data from: Genetic architecture influences when and how hybridization contributes to colonization

Citation

Reatini, Bryan; Vision, Todd (2020), Data from: Genetic architecture influences when and how hybridization contributes to colonization, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.3xsj3txbz

Abstract

The role of genetic architecture in adaptation to novel environments has received considerable attention when the source of adaptation variation is de novo mutation. Relatively less is known when the source of adaptive variation is inter- or intraspecific hybridization. We model hybridization between divergent source populations and subsequent colonization of an unoccupied novel environment using individual-based simulations in order to understand the influence of genetic architecture on the timing of colonization and the mode of adaptation. We find that two distinct categories of genetic architecture facilitate rapid colonization but that they do so in qualitatively different ways. For few and/or tightly linked loci, the mode of adaptation is via the recovery of adaptive parental genotypes. With many unlinked loci, the mode of adaptation is via the generation of novel hybrid genotypes. The first category results in the shortest colonization lag phases across the widest range of parameter space, but further adaptation is mutation limited. The second category takes longer and is more sensitive to genetic variance and dispersal rate, but can facilitate adaptation to environmental conditions which exceed the tolerance of parental populations. These findings have implications for understanding the origins of biological invasions and the success of hybrid populations.

Methods

This dataset was collected using the simulation software quantiNemo version 2.0.0, the documentation for which is available at https://www2.unil.ch/popgen/softwares/quantinemo/. The dataset was analysed using custom python and R scripts which are included here.

Usage Notes

Please see the README.txt file for usage information on the files and scripts included in this dataset.