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Raw coordinates and measurements from: Like parent, like child -Ontogenetic development of claws of intertidal arthropods (Acari, Oribatida) from different ecological niches

Citation

Pfingstl, Tobias; Kerschbaumer, Michaela (2022), Raw coordinates and measurements from: Like parent, like child -Ontogenetic development of claws of intertidal arthropods (Acari, Oribatida) from different ecological niches, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.3xsj3txhr

Abstract

The shape of claws of adult air-breathing intertidal oribatid mites shows a strong correlation with ecology. As nothing is known about juvenile characteristics of this trait, the ontogenetic development of these attachment devices was studied for the first time with comprehensive geometric morphometric methods. In nine investigated species, claws of immature stages can be classified into the same ecological categories as adults, i.e. juveniles of several rock-dwelling species already show higher and stronger curved claw shapes with smaller claw angles, while juvenile instars of the single investigated mangrovedwelling species possess lower and less curved claws with wider claw angles. For each species, claw curvature is almost static during the complete development and claw length grows directly proportional with increasing body size. Developmental changes in body size and weight are thus mainly compensated by a simple relative growth in size. Despite the finding that claw shapes of early developmental stages are already classifiable into ecological categories, their shapes also change slightly during development to become more ‘rock’, ‘mix’ or ‘mangrove’-like, respectively. The present results demonstrate that ecology is also the most important factor in shaping the claws of immatures and that attachment in the intertidal environment is vital for the survival of each mobile stage.

Funding

Austrian Science Fund, Award: P 33869-B