Data from: Cyclin dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) regulates the circadian clock
Brenna, Andrea et al. (2019), Data from: Cyclin dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) regulates the circadian clock, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.4067r78
Circadian oscillations emerge from transcriptional and post-translational feedback loops. An important step in generating rhythmicity is the translocation of clock components into the nucleus, which is regulated in many cases by kinases. In mammals, the kinase promoting the nuclear import of the key clock component Period 2 (PER2) is unknown. We observed that the cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) regulates the mammalian clock involving phosphorylation of PER2. Knock-down of Cdk5 in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN), the main coordinator site of the mammalian circadian system, shortened the free-running period in mice. CDK5 phosphorylated PER2 at serine 394 (S394) in a diurnal fashion. This facilitated interaction with Cryptochrome 1 (CRY1) and nuclear entry of the PER2-CRY1 complex. Taken together, we found that CDK5 drives nuclear entry of PER2, which is critical for establishing an adequate circadian period of the circadian cycle. Therefore, CDK5 is critically involved in the regulation of the circadian clock.
In the excel file all the raw data is provided in each tab labeled with the figure number of the manuscript.