Data from: Rapid independent trait evolution despite a strong pleiotropic genetic correlation
Cite this dataset
Conner, Jeffrey K. et al. (2011). Data from: Rapid independent trait evolution despite a strong pleiotropic genetic correlation [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.41pn9
Genetic correlations are the most commonly studied of all potential constraints on adaptive evolution. We present a comprehensive test of constraints caused by genetic correlation, comparing empirical results to predictions from theory. The additive genetic correlation between the filament and corolla tube in wild radish flowers is very high in magnitude, estimated with good precision (0.85 ± 0.06), and is caused by pleiotropy. Thus, evolutionary changes in the relative lengths of these two traits should be constrained. Still, artificial selection produced rapid evolution of these traits in opposite directions, so that the difference between them in one replicate increased by six standard deviations relative to controls in only nine generations. This would result in a 54% increase in relative fitness based on a previous estimate of natural selection in this population, and would produce the phenotypes found in the most extreme species in the family Brassicaceae in less than 100 generations. These responses were within theoretical expectations and much slower than if the genetic correlation was zero; thus, there was evidence for constraint. These results, coupled with comparable results from other species, show that evolution can be rapid despite the constraints caused by genetic correlations.