Data from: Senescence in immune priming and attractiveness in a beetle
Daukšte, Janina et al. (2012), Data from: Senescence in immune priming and attractiveness in a beetle, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.434pp11q
Age-related decline in immune activity is referred to as immunosenescence and has been observed for both the adaptive immune response of vertebrates and the innate immune system of invertebrates. Since maintaining a basic level of immune defence and mounting an immune response is costly, optimal investment in immune function should vary over a wide range of individual states such as the individual’s age. In this study we tested whether the immune response and immunological priming within individuals become less efficient with age using mealworm beetles, Tenebrio molitor, as a model organism. We also tested whether aging and immunological priming affected the odours produced by males. We found that young males of T.molitor were capable of mounting an immune response a sterile nylon monofilament implant with the potential to exhibit a simple form of immune memory through mechanisms of immune priming. Older males did not increase their immune response to a second immune challenge, which negatively affected their sexual attractiveness and remaining life span. Our results indicate that the immune system of older males in T.molitor is less effective, suggesting complex evolutionary trade-offs between ageing, immune response and sexual attractiveness.