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Data from: Deep-sea ostracod faunal dynamics in a marginal sea: Biotic response to oxygen variability and mid-Pleistocene global changes

Citation

Huang, Huai-Hsuan May et al. (2018), Data from: Deep-sea ostracod faunal dynamics in a marginal sea: Biotic response to oxygen variability and mid-Pleistocene global changes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.43vk5fm

Abstract

Deep-sea benthic ostracod assemblages covering the last two million years were investigated in IODP Site U1426 (at 903 m water depth) in the southern Sea of Japan. Results show that (1) orbital-scale faunal variability have been influenced by eustatic sea level fluctuations and oxygen variability, and (2) secular-scale faunal transitions are likely associated with the Mid-Brunhes Event (MBE, ~0.43 Ma) and the onset of the Tsushima Warm Current (TWC, ~1.7 Ma). Krithe, Robertsonites, and Acanthocythereis are the three most abundant genera throughout the core, accounting for 78.5 % of total specimens. Multiple Regression Tree analysis indicated that the TWC, the MBE, and oxygen content are the significant controlling factors of ostracod dominance. Changes in assemblages exhibit decline and recovery patterns corresponding to orbital scale cyclicity of sea level changes. In the Sea of Japan marginal ocean setting, this cyclicity shows a close relationship with bottom-water oxygen variability since the onset of the TWC influx. The MBE amplified the influence of the TWC and oxygen variability to the deep-sea ecosystem through larger sea level fluctuations. Acanthocythereis dunelmensis, a circumpolar species, dominates before the onset of the TWC. After the onset of the Tsushima Warm Current and during the Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MPT, ~1.2-0.7 Ma) Krithe spp., known for their low oxygen tolerance, substantially increase under moderate oxygen depletion. At the end of the MPT, the dominance of Krithe diminishes and is replaced by Robertsonites hanaii and Propontocypris spp. after the MBE. The Post-MBE assemblage, characterized by Robertsonites hanaii, suggests a slightly warmer environment under the development of the Tsushima Warm Current. In addition to this, the Post-MBE high-amplitude climate system may cause the increased abundance of active swimming Propontocypris spp. with their high migration ability. Benthic ecosystems in marginal seas are sensitive and vulnerable to both short-term and long-term climatic changes.

Usage Notes

Location

Sea of Japan
East Sea