Data from: Exponential model for analysis of heart rate responses and autonomic cardiac modulation during different intensities of physical exercise
Silva, Lucas et al. (2019), Data from: Exponential model for analysis of heart rate responses and autonomic cardiac modulation during different intensities of physical exercise, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.443m08h
The aim of this study was to compare the heart rate (HR) dynamics and variability before and after high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) protocols with workloads based on treadmill´s workload at which maximal oxygen uptake was achieved (WLV ̇O_2max). Twelve participants performed a cadiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to obtain oxygen uptake (WLV ̇O_2max). All training protocols were performed in a treadmill, with 0% grade, and had similar total distance. The MICT was composed by 21 minutes at 70% of WLV ̇O_2max , the first HIIT protocol (HIIT-30:30) was composed by 29 repetitions of 30 seconds at 100% of sV ̇O_2max, and the second HIIT protocol (HIIT-4:3) was composed by 3 repetitions of 4 minutes at 90% of WLV ̇O_2max . Before, during and after each training protocol, HR dynamics and variability (HRV) were analyzed by standard kinetics and linear (time and frequency domains). The repeated measures analysis of variance indicated that the HR dynamics, that characterizes the speed of HR during the rest to exercise transition, was statistically (p<0.05) slower during MICT in comparison to both HIIT protocols. The HRV analysis, that characterizes the cardiac autonomic modulation during the exercise recovery, was statistically higher in HIIT-4:3 in comparison to MICT and HIIT-30:30 protocols (p<0.005 and p=0.012, respectively), suggesting that the HIIT-4:3 induced higher sympathetic and lower parasympathetic modulation during exercise in comparison to the other training protocols. In conclusion, HIIT-4:3 demonstrated post-exercise sympathetic hyperactivity and a higher HRpeak, while the HIIT-30: 30 and MICT resulted in better HRV and HR in the exercise-recovery transition. The cardiac autonomic balance increased in HIIT-30:30 while HIIT-4:3 induced sympathetic hyperactivity and cardiac overload.