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Data from: Lifelong impact of X-Linked hypophosphatemia: results from a burden of disease survey

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Skrinar, Alison et al. (2019). Data from: Lifelong impact of X-Linked hypophosphatemia: results from a burden of disease survey [Dataset]. Dryad.


Context: X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is characterized by excess FGF23, hypophosphatemia, skeletal abnormalities, and growth impairment. We aimed to understand the burden of disease of XLH across the life span. Methods: Responses were collected from adults with XLH and parents/caregivers of a child with XLH in an online survey, including multiple-choice and open-ended questions on demographics, disease manifestations, treatment history, assistive device use, and age-specific patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Results: Data was collected from 232 adults with XLH (mean age 45.6 years, 76% female), and 90 parents/caregivers of a child with XLH (mean age 9.1 years, 56% female). Mean age recalled for symptom onset was 3.2 years for adults and 1.3 years for children. When surveyed, nearly all children (99%) and 64% of adults were receiving oral phosphate, active vitamin D, or both. Prior participation in a trial investigating burosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody against FGF23, was reported in 3% of children and 10% of adults; of these respondents, only one child reported current treatment with burosumab at the time of the survey. Both children and adults reported typical features of XLH including abnormal gait (84% and 86%, respectively), bowing of the tibia/fibula (72% and 77%), and short stature (80% and 86%). Nearly all adults (97%) and children (80%) reported bone or joint pain/stiffness. Adults reported a history of fractures (n/N = 102/232; 44%), with a mean (SD) age at first fracture of 26 (16) years. Adults reported osteophytes (46%), enthesopathy (27%), and spinal stenosis (19%). Mean scores for PROs evaluating pain, stiffness, and physical function were worse than population norms. Analgesics were taken at least once a week by 67% of adults. Conclusions: Despite the common use of oral phosphate and active vitamin D established in the 1980s, children with XLH demonstrate a substantial disease burden, including pain and impaired physical functioning that persists, as demonstrated by similar responses reported in adults with XLH.

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