Data from: Population genomic analysis uncovers African and European admixture in Drosophila melanogaster populations from the southeastern United States and Caribbean Islands
Kao, Joyce Y., University of Southern California
Zubair, Asif, University of Southern California
Salomon, Matthew P., University of Southern California
Nuzhdin, Sergey V., University of Southern California
Campo, Daniel, University of Southern California
Published Mar 31, 2015 on Dryad.
Cite this dataset
Kao, Joyce Y. et al. (2015). Data from: Population genomic analysis uncovers African and European admixture in Drosophila melanogaster populations from the southeastern United States and Caribbean Islands [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.446sv
Drosophila melanogaster is postulated to have colonized North America in the past several 100 years in two waves. Flies from Europe colonized the east coast United States while flies from Africa inhabited the Caribbean, which if true, make the south-east US and Caribbean Islands a secondary contact zone for African and European D. melanogaster. This scenario has been proposed based on phenotypes and limited genetic data. In our study, we have sequenced individual whole genomes of flies from populations in the south-east US and Caribbean Islands and examined these populations in conjunction with population sequences from the west coast US, Africa, and Europe. We find that west coast US populations are closely related to the European population, likely reflecting a rapid westward expansion upon first settlements into North America. We also find genomic evidence of African and European admixture in south-east US and Caribbean populations, with a clinal pattern of decreasing proportions of African ancestry with higher latitude. Our genomic analysis of D. melanogaster populations from the south-east US and Caribbean Islands provides more evidence for the Caribbean Islands as the source of previously reported novel African alleles found in other east coast US populations. We also find the border between the south-east US and the Caribbean island to be the admixture hot zone where distinctly African-like Caribbean flies become genomically more similar to European-like south-east US flies. Our findings have important implications for previous studies examining the generation of east coast US clines via selection.
Chromopainter files zipped
Zipped folder containing scripts, input files, and README for running Chromopainter analysis
R script to run PCA analysis
Script to us VCFTools for generating Fst and LD values
ADMIXTURE files zipped
Zipped folder that contains scripts, input files, and README for performing ADMIXTURE analysis