Data from: When domes are spandrels: on septation in turritellids (Cerithioidea) and other gastropods
Anderson, Brendan M.; Allmon, Warren D. (2018), Data from: When domes are spandrels: on septation in turritellids (Cerithioidea) and other gastropods, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.47v0gf4
Although generally considered rare in gastropods, septation has long been noted in turritellids, but functional hypotheses do not survive strong scrutiny. Here we outline a methodology for testing spandrel hypotheses, and apply it to the problem of turritellid septa. We follow Gould in using “spandrel” as a term for all features which are non-adaptive sequelae of adaptive features of organisms, including those which are structurally necessary, those that are developmentally correlated, and non-deterministic byproducts which are correlated to features under selection. In turritellids, septa are constructed in microstructural continuity with secondary thickening of the shell, are highly variable features infraspecifically, and are strongly associated with degree of shell thickening. We therefore conclude that rather than being themselves adaptive, turritellid septa are spandrels of shell thickening. Turritellid septa are composed of crossed lamellar aragonite, which appear to be constructed by mantle epithelium over the visceral mass. Septation was also found in 22 of 24 gastropod families examined from a broad phylogenetic distribution. Septa thus appear to be a widespread feature of caenogastropods, in strong contrast to the assertions that septa are less common in modern or high-spired shells.