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Dryad

Data from: Physiological response of mature red spruce trees to partial and complete sapwood severing

Cite this dataset

Wason, Jay; French, Kelly (2023). Data from: Physiological response of mature red spruce trees to partial and complete sapwood severing [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.4b8gthth7

Abstract

 Drought frequency and severity are projected to increase in many regions of the world, yet it remains unclear how mesic forest trees will respond to these novel climate conditions. Experimentally imposing drought in forests at the stand scale is logistically difficult, however, disturbing the hydraulic functioning of individual trees can induce severe water stress and may inform how large trees respond to future droughts. In this study, we manipulated water availability of red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) trees by partially or completely severing sapwood, and measured impacts on water relations and photosynthetic efficiency over four months. Trees with total sapwood severed (TOT) experienced a rapid 96.7% reduction in daily sap flow whereas trees with only partial sapwood severed (PAR; estimated 2 – 5% sapwood remaining) and no sapwood severed (CON; phloem girdled) experienced average reductions of 74.3% and 4.6%, respectively. Sapwood severing in TOT trees resulted in declining midday shoot water potential compared to PAR and CON trees, but TOT trees did not surpass the water potential indicative of 50% loss of conductivity until approximately 12 weeks post treatment. At seven weeks post treatment, TOT trees had 6.8 times lower midday stomatal conductance than PAR and CON trees. Furthermore, branch- and crown-wood water potentials reached extreme values (below measurement threshold of -7.7 MPa) in TOT trees by the time of tree harvest at 18 weeks but remained high and did not differ between PAR and CON trees. Our results indicate that with minimal intact sapwood, PAR trees still had sufficient hydraulic functioning to avoid water stress, while TOT trees had temporary resistance to water stress likely associated with declines in carbon sequestration and growth. These findings advance our understanding of how red spruce may physiologically respond to periods of water stress in future climates.

Methods

The data were collected in summer 2020 at the University of Maine. Details on data collection are included in the full publication. The data reported here are the processed data used to generate all the graphs and calculate statistics reported in the manuscript.

Funding

Maine Economic Improvement

New England Botanical Club

Penobscot Experimental Forest Research Operations Team

Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station, Award: ME0-42121

University of New Hampshire, Award: 1013351

University of New Hampshire, Award: 1022415