Data from: Do ecological communities disperse across biogeographic barriers as a unit?
Cite this dataset
Satler, Jordan D.; Carstens, Bryan C. (2017). Data from: Do ecological communities disperse across biogeographic barriers as a unit? [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.4c8f8
Biogeographic barriers have long been implicated as drivers of biological diversification, but how these barriers influence co-occurring taxa can vary depending on factors intrinsic to the organism and in their relationships with other species. Due to the interdependence among taxa, ecological communities present a compelling opportunity to explore how interactions among species may lead to a shared response to historical events. Here we collect single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data from five commensal arthropods associated with the Sarracenia alata carnivorous pitcher plant, and test for co-diversification across the Mississippi River, a major biogeographic barrier in the southeastern United States. Population genetic structure in three of the ecologically dependent arthropods mirrors that of the host pitcher plant, with divergence time estimates suggesting two of the species (the pitcher plant moth Exyra semicrocea and a flesh fly Sarcophaga sarraceniae) dispersed synchronously across this barrier along with the pitcher plant. Patterns in population size and genetic diversity suggest the plant and ecologically dependent arthropods dispersed from east to west across the Mississippi River. In contrast, species less dependent on the plant ecologically show discordant phylogeographic patterns. This study demonstrates that ecological relationships may be an important predictor of co-diversification, and supports recent suggestions that organismal trait data should be prominently featured in comparative phylogeographic investigations.
southeastern United States