Data from: Reinforcement and a cline in mating behavior evolve in response to secondary contact and hybridization in shield-back katydids (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae)
Cole, Jeffrey A. (2016), Data from: Reinforcement and a cline in mating behavior evolve in response to secondary contact and hybridization in shield-back katydids (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae), Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.4df50
In a dispersal-limited species that has evolved reproductive character displacement at a contact zone, a cline in mating behavior may result if gene flow diffuses alleles out of the contact zone into allopatric populations. Prior work has found such a clinal pattern in the shield-back katydid Aglaothorax morsei, in which the male calling songs in a sympatric population have a displaced, short interpulse interval that increases in length with increasing distance from the contact zone. In this study, molecular phylogenetic and female preference data show that (1) sympatric populations result from secondary contact, (2) hybridization in sympatry has resulted in unidirectional mitochondrial introgression, and (3) female preferences are consistent with reproductive character displacement, and could generate a cline in mating behavior. These data together suggest a history of reinforcement, generally considered rare in acoustically communicating insects, thus Aglaothorax represents an important example of a rarely documented evolutionary process.