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Data from: Multi-scale quantification of tissue behavior during amniote embryo axis elongation


Benazeraf, Bertrand et al. (2017), Data from: Multi-scale quantification of tissue behavior during amniote embryo axis elongation, Dryad, Dataset,


Embryonic axis elongation is a complex multi-tissue morphogenetic process responsible for the formation of the posterior part of the amniote body. How movements and growth are coordinated between the different posterior tissues (e.g. neural tube, axial and paraxial mesoderm, lateral plate, ectoderm, endoderm) to drive axis morphogenesis remain largely unknown. Here, we use quail embryos to quantify cell behavior and tissue movements during elongation. We quantify the tissue-specific contribution to axis elongation by using 3D volumetric techniques, then quantify tissue-specific parameters such as cell density and proliferation. To study cell behavior at a multi-tissue scale we used high-resolution 4D imaging of transgenic quail embryos expressing fluorescent proteins. We developed specific tracking and image analysis techniques to analyze cell motion and compute tissue deformations in 4D. This analysis reveals extensive sliding between tissues during axis extension. Further quantification of tissue tectonics showed patterns of rotations, contractions and expansions, which are coherent with the multi-tissue behavior observed previously. Our approach defines a quantitative and multiscale method to analyze the coordination between tissue behaviors during early vertebrate embryo morphogenetic events.

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National Science Foundation, Award: Human Frontier Science Program RGP0051