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Data from: Bayesian species delimitation combining multiple genes and traits in a unified framework

Citation

Solís-Lemus, Claudia; Knowles, L. Lacey; Ané, Cécile (2014), Data from: Bayesian species delimitation combining multiple genes and traits in a unified framework, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.4gf03

Abstract

Delimitation of species based exclusively on genetic data has been advocated despite a critical knowledge gap: how might such approaches fail because they rely on genetic data alone, and would their accuracy be improved by using multiple data-types. We provide here the requisite framework for addressing these key questions. Because both phenotypic and molecular data can be analyzed in a common Bayesian framework with our program iBPP, we can compare the accuracy of delimited taxa based on genetic data alone versus when integrated with phenotypic data. We can also evaluate how the integration of phenotypic data might improve species delimitation when divergence occurs with gene flow and/or is selectively driven. These two realities of the speciation process are ignored by currently available genetic approaches. Our model accommodates phenotypic characters that exhibit different degrees of divergence, allowing for both neutral traits and traits under selection. We found a greater accuracy of estimated species boundaries with the integration of phenotypic and genetic data, with a strong beneficial influence of phenotypic data from traits under selection when the speciation process involves gene flow. Our results highlight the benefits of multiple data-types, but also draws into question the rationale of species delimitation based exclusively on genetic data.

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