Data from: Early molecular oxidative stress biomarkers of ischemic penumbra in acute stroke
Lorenzano, Svetlana et al. (2020), Data from: Early molecular oxidative stress biomarkers of ischemic penumbra in acute stroke, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.4j07c14
Objectives: To assess whether plasma biomarkers of oxidative stress predict diffusion-perfusion mismatch in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. Methods: We measured plasma levels of oxidative stress biomarkers such as F2-isoprostanes (F2-isoP), total and perchloric acid Oxygen Absorbance Capacity (ORACTOT and ORACPCA), urinary levels of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2’-deoxyguoanosine, and inflammatory and tissue-damage biomarkers (high-sensitivity CRP, matrix metalloproteinase 2 and 9), in a prospective study of AIS patients presenting within 9 hours of symptom onset. Diffusion- (DWI) and perfusion-weighted (PWI) MRI sequences were analyzed using a semi-automated volumetric method. Mismatch was defined as baseline mean transit time volume minus DWI volume. A percent mismatch cut-off of >20% was considered clinically significant. A stricter definition of mismatch was also used. Mismatch salvage was the region free of overlap by final infarction. Results: Mismatch >20% was present in 153/216 (70.8%) patients (69.2±14.3 years; 41.2% women). Patients with mismatch >20% were more likely to have higher baseline plasma levels of ORACPCA (P=0.020) and F2-isoP (P=0.145). Multivariate binary logistic regression demonstrated that lnF2-isoP (OR 2.44 95% CI 1.19-4.98; P=0.014) and lnORACPCA (OR 4.18, 95% CI 1.41-12.41; P=0.010) were independent predictors of >20% PWI-DWI mismatch and the stricter mismatch definition, respectively. lnORACTOT, significantly predicted mismatch salvage volume (>20% mismatch: P=0.010; stricter mismatch definition: P=0.003). Conclusions: Elevated hyperacute plasma levels of F2-isoP and ORAC are associated with radiographic evidence of mismatch and mismatch salvage in AIS subjects. If validated, these findings may add to our understanding of the role of oxidative stress in cerebral tissue fate during acute ischemia.
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