Data from: The Moorfields AMD database report 2 - fellow eye involvement with neovascular age-related macular degeneration
Fasler, Katrin et al. (2020), Data from: The Moorfields AMD database report 2 - fellow eye involvement with neovascular age-related macular degeneration, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.4mw6m906b
Background/Aims: Neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) is frequently bilateral, and previous reports on ‘fellow eyes’’ have assumed sequential treatment after a period of treatment of the first eye only. The aim of our study was to analyse baseline characteristics and visual acuity (VA) outcomes of fellow eye involvement with nAMD, specifically differentiating between sequential and non-sequential (due to macular scarring in the first eye) anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment and timelines for fellow eye involvement.
Methods: Retrospective, electronic medical record database study of the Moorfields AMD database of 6265 patients /120,286 single entries with data extracted between October 21, 2008 and August 9, 2018. The dataset for analysis consisted of 1180 sequential, 807 nonsequential, and 3410 unilateral eyes.
Results: Mean VA (Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters±SD) of sequentially treated fellow eyes at baseline was significantly higher (63±13), VA gain over two years lower (0.37±14), and proportion of eyes with good VA (≥70 letters) higher (46%) than the respective first eyes (baseline VA 54±16, VA gain at two years 5.6±15, percentage of eyes with good VA 39%). Non-sequential fellow eyes showed baseline characteristics and VA outcomes similar to first eyes. Fellow eye involvement rate was 32% at two years, and median time interval to fellow eye involvement was 71 (IQR 27-147) weeks.
Conclusion: This report shows sequentially treated nAMD fellow eyes have better baseline and final VA than non-sequentially treated eyes after 2 years of treatment. Sequentially treated eyes also had a greater proportion with good VA after 2 years.