Data from: High and dry: trade-off in arboreal calling in a treefrog mediated by local environment
Cicchino, Amanda; Cairns, Nicholas A.; Bulté, Gregory; Lougheed, Stephen C. (2019), Data from: High and dry: trade-off in arboreal calling in a treefrog mediated by local environment, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.4nd8448
Trade-offs shaping behavioral variation are often influenced by the environment. We investigated the role that the environment plays in mediating trade-offs using a widespread frog with a conspicuous mating display, Pseudacris crucifer. We first demonstrated, using playback and desiccation experiments, that calling site selection involves a trade-off between sound transmission and desiccation. We then determined the influence of local environmental conditions on the intensity of the trade-off by examining range-wide behavioral and environmental data. We showed that the benefit of improved call transmission is positively influenced by vegetation density and ground cover. Behavioral data are consistent with this relationship: sites with a greater transmission benefit have increased prevalence of arboreally-calling males. We also found that the prevalence of arboreal calling behavior increases with relative humidity and air temperature, suggesting an influence of these environmental variables on the desiccation cost of arboreal calling. This study provides a clear example of the role of the environment in mediating trade-off intensities and shaping critical behavioral traits.