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Data from: Maternal and neonatal outcome after vaginal breech delivery at term of children weighing more or less than 3.8 kg: a FRABAT prospective cohort study

Citation

Jennewein, Lukas et al. (2019), Data from: Maternal and neonatal outcome after vaginal breech delivery at term of children weighing more or less than 3.8 kg: a FRABAT prospective cohort study, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.4q8r207

Abstract

Introduction: The clinical management of breech presentations at term is still a controversially discussed issue among clinicians. Clear predictive criteria for planned vaginal breech deliveries are desperately needed to prevent adverse fetal and maternal outcomes and to reduce elective cesarean section rates. The green-top guideline considers an estimated birth weight of 3.8 kg or more an indication to plan a cesarean section despite the lack of respective evidence. Objective: To compare maternal and neonatal outcome of vaginal intended breech deliveries of births with children with a birth weight of 2.5 kg - 3.79 kg and children with a birth weight of 3.8 kg and more. Design: Prospective cohort study. Sample: All vaginal intended deliveries out of a breech position of newborns weighing between 2.5 kg and 4.5 kg at the Obstetrics department at Goethe University Hospital Frankfurt from January 2004 until December 2016 Methods: Neonatal and maternal outcome of a light weight group (LWG) (< 3.8 kg) was compared to and a high weight group (HWG) (? 3.8 kg) using Pearson's Chi Square test and Fishers exact test. A logistic regression analysis was performed to detect an association between cesarean section rates, fetal outcome and the birth weight. Results: No difference in neonatal morbidity was detected between the HWG (1.8%, n=166) and the LWG (2.6%, n=888). Cesarean section rate was significantly higher in the HWG with 45.2% in comparison to 28.8% in the LWG with an odds ratio of 1.57 (95% CI 1.29-1.91, p<0.0001). In vaginal deliveries, a high birth weight was not associated with an increased risk of maternal birth injuries (LWG in vaginal deliveries: 74.3%, HWG in vaginal deliveries: 73.6%; p=0.887; OR=1.9 (95% CI 0.9 - 1.1)) Conclusion: A fetal weight above 3.79 kg does not predict increased maternal or infant morbidity after delivery from breech presentation at term. Neither the literature nor our analyses document evidence for threshold of estimated birth weight that is associated with maternal and/or infant morbidity. However, patients should be informed about an increased likelihood of cesarean sections during labor when attempting vaginal birth from breech position at term in order to reach an informed shared decision concerning the birth strategy. Further investigations in multi center settings are needed to advance international guidelines on vaginal breech deliveries in the context of estimated birth weight and its impact on perinatal outcome.

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