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Mineralogy and origin of aerosol from an arc basaltic eruption: case study of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka

Citation

Zelenski, Michael; Kamenetsky, Vadim; Taran, Yuri; Kovalskii, Andrew (2020), Mineralogy and origin of aerosol from an arc basaltic eruption: case study of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.51c59zw4p

Abstract

Intense emission of volcanic aerosol accompanied the 2012-13 basaltic effusive eruption of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka. The aerosols sampled contain sulfuric acid droplets, glassy particles and 70 mineral phases. All aerosol particles may be classified by their origin. The fragmentation aerosol includes magma fragments: silicate glass clasts, silicate microspheres and small phenocrysts (olivine, pyroxene and magnetite). The alteration aerosol comprises particles of quenched silicate melt covered with secondary minerals (fluorides, sulfates and oxides/hydroxides of rock-forming elements) and fragments of altered rocks composed solely of secondary minerals. The condensation aerosol dominated the mass during the later stages of the eruption when the explosive activity had ceased, and was characterized by the greatest variety of particle compositions. Na-K sulfate and Fe(III) oxide made more than 95% of the solid fraction of the condensation aerosol. The remaining 5% were represented by native elements (Au, Ag-Pt alloy, Pt); sulfides of Fe, Cu, Ag and Re; oxides and hydroxides of Al, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mo, W, Te, Ta and Zr; halides of Al, Mg, Na, K, Ca, Cd, Pb, Ag and Tl; sulfates of Na, K, Pb, Ca and Ba; the only silicate was As-bearing orthoclase. Droplets of H2SO4 formed the liquid phase of the condensation aerosol. Some of the aerosols, such as magnetite spherules or phosphate-carbonate-fluorite association, likely had a nonvolcanic origin (country rocks, wood fly ash). Physical and chemical properties of minerals from the volcanic aerosols have an effect on the geochemical and environmental behavior of the trace elements emitted by volcanoes.

Methods

Dataset for “Mineralogy and origin of aerosol from an arc basaltic eruption: Case study of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka” by Zelenski et al.

Tables S1 to S555 contain raw analytical information for aerosol particles studied in this work. Analyses were done using Energy-Dispersive Spectrometer and are listed in chronological order. All samples are unpolished and coated with carbon - thickness nm): 20.0, density (g/cm3): 2.25.

High or low total wieght % may arise from non-flat (unpolished) surface of a specimen and from analysis of adjacent or underlaying substances, including the filter materal, and small crystal sizes.

Funding

Russian Science Foundation, Award: 16-17-10145