Data from: Stacked Bt maize and arthropod predators – exposure to insecticidal Cry proteins and potential hazards
Svobodová, Zdeňka et al. (2017), Data from: Stacked Bt maize and arthropod predators – exposure to insecticidal Cry proteins and potential hazards, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.51d4h
Genetically engineered (GE) crops with stacked insecticidal traits expose arthropods to multiple Cry proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). One concern is that the different Cry proteins may interact and lead to unexpected adverse effects on non-target species. Bi- and tri-trophic experiments with SmartStax maize, herbivorous spider mites (Tetranychus urticae) and aphids (Rhopalosiphum padi), and predatory spiders (Phylloneta impressa), ladybeetles (Harmonia axyridis), and lacewings (Chrysoperla carnea) were conducted. Cry1A.105, Cry1F, Cry3Bb1, and Cry34Ab1 moved in a similar pattern through the arthropod food chain. In contrast, Cry2Ab2 had highest concentrations in maize leaves, but lowest in pollen, and lowest acquisition rates by herbivores and predators. While spider mites contained Cry protein concentrations exceeding the values in leaves (except Cry2Ab2), aphids contained only traces of any Cry protein. Predators contained lower concentrations than their food. Among the different predators, ladybeetle larvae showed higher concentrations than lacewing larvae and juvenile spiders. Acute effects of SmartStax maize on predator survival, development, and weight were not observed. The study thus provides evidence that the different Cry proteins do not interact in a way that poses a risk to the investigated non-target species under controlled laboratory conditions.