Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Data from: Generalized polyspike train: an EEG biomarker of drug-resistant idiopathic generalized epilepsy

Citation

Sun, Yanping et al. (2019), Data from: Generalized polyspike train: an EEG biomarker of drug-resistant idiopathic generalized epilepsy, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.51d718j

Abstract

Objective: To identify clinical and EEG biomarkers of drug resistance in adults with idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Methods: We conducted a case-control study consisting of a discovery cohort and a replication cohort independently assessed at two different centres. In each centre patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy phenotype and generalized spike-wave discharges on EEG were classified as drug-resistant or drug-responsive. EEG changes were classified into pre-defined patterns and compared between the two groups in the discovery cohort. Factors associated with drug resistance in multivariable analysis were tested in the replication cohort. Results: The discovery cohort included 85 patients (29% drug-resistant and 71% drug-responsive). Their median age at assessment was 32 years and 50.6% were female. Multivariable analysis showed that having higher number of seizure types (3 vs. 1: odds ratio [OR]= 31.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.5-214, p<0.001; 3 vs. 2: OR=14.6, 95% CI: 2.3-93.1, p=0.004) and generalized polyspike train (burst of generalized rhythmic spikes lasting less than 1 second) during sleep were associated with drug resistance (OR=10.8, 95% CI: 2.4-49.4, p=0.002). When these factors were tested in the replication cohort of 80 patients (27.5% drug-resistant and 72.5% drug-responsive; 71.3% female; median age 27.5 years), the proportion of patients with generalized polyspike train during sleep was also higher in the drug-resistant group (OR=4.0, 95% CI: 1.35-11.8, p=0.012). Conclusion: Generalized polyspike train during sleep may be an EEG biomarker for drug resistance in adults with idiopathic generalized epilepsy.

Usage Notes