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Data from: A morphometric approach in plumose and pappus-like awn South American stipoids

Citation

Sclovich, Sergio E.; Sassone, Agostina Belén; Sede, Silvana Mabel; Giussani, Liliana Monica (2020), Data from: A morphometric approach in plumose and pappus-like awn South American stipoids, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.56rv079

Abstract

Within grasses, the tribe Stipeae is highly specialized by the presence of only one fruit per spikelet and characterized by the diversity on the ornamentation of the floret. Our aim was to analyze similarities based on multi and uni-variate analyses among species reflecting evolutionary trends in American Stipeae: Jarava species with plumose awns, and species of Pappostipa, all characterized by pappus-like awns. Ordination analyses (Principal coordinates analysis and Cluster analysis) were used to determinate major groupings, while significant differences among groups were tested by multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and univariate analysis based on a generalized linear model (GLM). We delimited five groups. Small floret characterizes Jarava annua, J. media and J. plumosula, although J. annua is clearly distinguished by the distribution of hairs in the awn column. Jarava subplumosa and J. psylantha are characterized by the pubescence of the culm, the length of the floret callus, the length of the awn subule, and the length of the awn hairs. Pappostipa is distinctive by having hairs only in the awn column that resemble a pappus while Jarava neaei + J. pogonathera present the longest inflorescences and hairs only in the awn subule, resembling a feather. As a result, we present a key to taxa and descriptions to help characterize and identify species within the Jarava-Pappostipa clade.

Usage Notes

Location

South America