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Data from: Phylogeographic estimation and simulation of global diffusive dispersal

Citation

Louca, Stilianos (2020), Data from: Phylogeographic estimation and simulation of global diffusive dispersal, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.573n5tb4d

Abstract

The analysis of time-resolved phylogenies (timetrees) and geographic location data allows estimation of dispersal rates, for example for invasive species and infectious diseases. Many estimation methods are based on the Brownian Motion model for diffusive dispersal on a 2-dimensional plane, however the accuracy of these methods deteriorates substantially when dispersal occurs at global scales because Spherical Brownian Motion (SBM) differs from planar Brownian Motion. No statistical method exists for estimating SBM diffusion coefficients from a given timetree and tip coordinates, and no method exists for simulating SBM along a given timetree. Here I present new methods for simulating SBM along a given timetree, and for estimating SBM diffusivity from a given timetree and tip coordinates using a modification of Felsenstein's independent contrasts and maximum-likelihood. My simulation and fitting methods can accommodate arbitrary time-dependent diffusivities and scale efficiently to trees with millions of tips, thus enabling new analyses even in cases where planar BM would be a sufficient approximation. I demonstrate these methods using a timetree of marine and terrestrial Cyanobacterial genomes, as well as timetrees of two globally circulating Influenza B clades. My methods are implemented in the R package "castor."