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Dryad

Data associated to: Uncovering the genomic basis of an extraordinary plant invasion

Citation

Bieker, Vanessa (2022), Data associated to: Uncovering the genomic basis of an extraordinary plant invasion, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.573n5tb9r

Abstract

Invasive species are a key driver of the global biodiversity crisis but the drivers of invasiveness, including the role of pathogens, remain debated. We investigated the genomic basis of invasiveness in Ambrosia artemisiifolia (ragweed), introduced to Europe in the late 19th century, by resequencing 655 ragweed genomes, including 308 herbarium specimens collected up to 190 years ago. In invasive European populations, we found selection signatures in defense genes and lower prevalence of disease-inducing plant pathogens. Together with temporal changes in population structure associated with introgression from closely related Ambrosia species, escape from specific microbial enemies likely favoured the plant’s remarkable success as an invasive species.