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Investigating cooccurrence patterns and dynamics for many imperfectly detected species, using a log-linear modelling parameterisation

Citation

MacKenzie, Darryl; Lombardi, Jason; Tewes, Michael (2021), Investigating cooccurrence patterns and dynamics for many imperfectly detected species, using a log-linear modelling parameterisation, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.59zw3r26t

Abstract

Patterns in, and the underlying dynamics of, species cooccurrence is of interest in many ecological applications. Unaccounted for, imperfect detection of the species can lead to misleading inferences about the nature and magnitude of any interaction. A range of different parameterisations have been published that could be used with the same fundamental modelling framework that accounts for imperfect detection, although each parameterisation has different advantages and disadvantages.

We propose a parameterisation based on log-linear modelling that does not require a species hierarchy to be defined (in terms of dominance), and enables a numerically robust approach for estimating covariate effects.

Conceptually the parameterisation is equivalent to using the presence of species in the current, or a previous, time period as predictor variables for the current occurrence of other species. This leads to natural, ’symmetric’, interpretations of parameter estimates.

The parameterisation can be applied to many species, in either a maximum-likelihood or Bayesian estimation framework. We illustrate the method using camera trapping data collected on three mesocarnivore species in South Texas.

Methods

Coded detection histories for which species were detected within 14 seasons, of five 4-week periods (five occasions) per season, and R script files for conducting the example analysis in the paper. All data is stored within an R format.

Funding

East Foundation

Tim and Karen Hixon Foundation

East Foundation