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Discovery of new Trichophyton members, T. persicum and T. spiraliforme spp. nov., as a cause of highly inflammatory tinea cases in Iran and Czechia

Citation

Čmoková, Adéla et al. (2021), Discovery of new Trichophyton members, T. persicum and T. spiraliforme spp. nov., as a cause of highly inflammatory tinea cases in Iran and Czechia, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.59zw3r275

Abstract

Pathogens from the Trichophyton benhamiae complex are one of the most important causes of animal mycoses with significant zoonotic potential. In the light of the recently revised taxonomy of this complex, we retrospectively identified 38 Trichophyton isolates that could not be resolved in any of the existing species. These strains were isolated from Iranian and Czech patients during molecular epidemiological surveys on dermatophytosis and were predominantly associated with highly inflammatory tinea corporis cases suggesting possible zoonotic etiology. Subsequent phylogenetic (4 markers), population-genetic (10 markers) and phenotypic analyses supported recognition of two novel species. The first species, T. persicum sp. nov., was identified in 36 cases of human dermatophytosis and one case of feline dermatophytosis, mainly in Southern and Western Iran. The second species, T. spiraliforme sp. nov., is only known from a single case of tinea corporis in a Czech patient who probably contracted the infection from a dog. Although the zoonotic source of infections summarized in this study is very likely, little is known about the host spectrum of these pathogens. Awareness of these new pathogens among clinicians should refine our knowledge about their poorly explored geographic distribution.

Usage Notes

Single-gene alignments (4 fasta files) and combined alignment (1 fasta file) comprising members of the Trichophyton benhamiae complex, including two newly described species.

List of Trichophyton strains examined in this study: provenance and results of molecular analyses (1 excel file).

Two supplementary Figures S1-S2 (phylogenies) and one Supplementary Table S1 (substitutions in the ITS region).

 

Funding

Ministerstvo Zdravotnictví Ceské Republiky, Award: NU21-05-00681

Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Award: 204069: Research Centre Program

Akademie Věd České Republiky, Award: RVO: 61388971 Long-term Research Development Project

National Institutes for Medical Research Development, Award: 958797

Grant-in-aid for JSPS research fellow, Award: 20F20772

Grant-in-aid for JSPS research fellow, Award: 20F20772