Data from: Social experience shape behavioural individuality and within-individual stability
Jaeger, Heidi; Han, Chang; Dingemanse, Niels (2019), Data from: Social experience shape behavioural individuality and within-individual stability, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.5g46558
Individual repeatability characterises many behaviours. Repeatable behaviour may result from repeated social interactions among familiar group members, owing to adaptive social niche specialisation. In the context of aggression, in species like field crickets, social niche specialisation should also occur when individuals repeatedly interact with unfamiliar individuals. This would require the outcome of social interactions to have carry-over effects on fighting ability and aggressiveness in subsequent interactions, leading to long-term among-individual differentiation. To test this hypothesis, we randomly assigned freshly emerged adult males of the southern field cricket Gryllus bimaculatus to either a solitary or social treatment. In the social treatment, males interacted with a same-sex partner but experienced a new partner every three days. After three weeks of treatment, we repeatedly subjected treated males to dyadic interactions to measure aggression. During this time, we also continuously measured the three-daily rate of carbohydrate and protein consumption. Individual differentiation was considerably higher among males reared in the social versus solitary environment for aggressiveness but not for nutrient intake. Simultaneously, social experience led to lower within-individual stability (i.e. increased within-individual variance) in carbohydrate intake. Past social experiences, thus, shaped both behavioural individuality and stability. While previous research has emphasised behavioural individuality resulting from repeated interactions among familiar individuals, our study implies that behavioural individuality, in the context of aggression, may generally result from social interactions, whether with familiar or unfamiliar individuals. Our findings thus imply that social interactions may have a stronger effect on individual differentiation than previously appreciated.