Data from: The causes of selection on flowering time through male fitness in a hermaphroditic annual plant
Austen, Emily J.; Weis, Arthur E. (2015), Data from: The causes of selection on flowering time through male fitness in a hermaphroditic annual plant, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.5g5rp
Flowering is a key life history event whose timing almost certainly affects both male and female fitness, but tests of selection on flowering time through male fitness are few. Such selection may arise from direct effects of flowering time, and indirect effects through covariance between flowering time and the environment experienced during reproduction. To isolate these intrinsically correlated associations, we staggered planting dates of Brassica rapa families with known flowering times, creating populations in which age at flowering (i.e. flowering time genotype) and Julian Date of flowering (i.e. flowering time environment) were positively, negatively, or uncorrelated. Genetic paternity analysis revealed that male fitness was not strongly influenced by seasonal environmental changes. Instead, when age and date were uncorrelated, selection through male fitness strongly favored young age at flowering. Strategic sampling offspring for paternity analysis rejected covariance between sire age at flowering and dam quality as the cause of this selection. Results instead suggest a negative association between age at flowering and pollen competitive ability. The manipulation also revealed that, at least in B. rapa, the often-observed correlation between flowering time and flowering duration is environmental, not genetic, in origin.
University of Toronto Koffler Scientific Reserve at Jokers Hill