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The different fates of two Asian horseshoe crab species with different dispersal abilities

Citation

Tang, Qian et al. (2021), The different fates of two Asian horseshoe crab species with different dispersal abilities, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.5mkkwh75h

Abstract

Impending anthropogenic climate change will severely impact coastal organisms at unprecedented speed. Knowledge on organisms’ evolutionary responses to past sea level fluctuations and estimation of their evolutionary potential is therefore indispensable in efforts to mitigate the effects of future climate change. We sampled tens of thousands of genomic markers of ~300 individuals in two of the four extant horseshoe crab species across the complex archipelagic Singapore Straits. Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda Latreille, a less mobile mangrove species, has finer population structure and lower genetic diversity compared to the dispersive deep-sea Tachypleus gigas Müller. Even though the source populations of both species during the Last Glacial Maximum exhibited comparable effective population sizes, the less dispersive C. rotundicauda seems to lose genetic diversity much more quickly because of population fragmentation. Contra previous studies’ results, we predict that the more commonly sighted C. rotundicauda faces a more uncertain conservation plight, with a continuing loss in evolutionary potential and higher vulnerability to future climate change. Our study provides important genomic baseline data for the redirection of conservation measures in the face of climate change, and can be used as a blueprint for assessment and mitigation of the adverse effects of impending sea level rise in other systems.

Methods

The datasets are single nucleotide polymorphism collected from two horseshoe crab species across the Singapore Straits using double-digest RAD sequencing.

Usage Notes

The datasets are STACKS file for the SNP calling. Please see ReadMe for details.

Funding

National Research Foundation Singapore, Award: MSRDP-P19

Ah Meng Memorial Conservation Fund, Award: R-154-000-B40-720

Research Center for Oceanography, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (PPO-LIPI), Award: B-5063/IPK.2/KS.02/III/2019

Ah Meng Memorial Conservation Fund, Award: R-154-000-B40-720

Research Center for Oceanography, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (PPO-LIPI), Award: B-5063/IPK.2/KS.02/III/2019