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G-matrix stability of clinally diverging populations of an annual weed

Cite this dataset

Henry, Georgia A.; Stinchcombe, John R. (2022). G-matrix stability of clinally diverging populations of an annual weed [Dataset]. Dryad.


How phenotypic and genetic divergence among populations is influenced by the genetic architecture of those traits, and how microevolutionary changes in turn affect the within-population patterns of genetic variation, are of major interest to evolutionary biology. Work on Ipomoea hederacea, an annual vine, has found genetic clines in the means of a suite of ecologically important traits, including flowering time, growth rate, seed mass, and corolla width. Here we investigate the genetic (co)variances of these clinally varying traits in two northern range-edge and two central populations of Ipomoea hederacea to evaluate the influence of the genetic architecture on divergence across the range. We find 1) limited evidence for clear differentiation between Northern and Southern populations in the structure of G, suggesting overall stability of G across the range despite mean trait divergence and 2) that the axes of greatest variation (gmax) were unaligned with the axis of greatest multivariate divergence. Together these results indicate the role of the quantitative genetic architecture in constraining evolutionary response and divergence among populations across the geographic range.


Data was collected on plants in a glasshouse as described in the methods section of the associated paper. Entries with NAs were removed. Data were standardized as described in the paper, and saved as new columns with the ".s" suffix. 

Usage notes

All analyses were performed in R.


Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council