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Species ecology explains the various spatial components of genetic diversity in tropical reef fishes

Citation

Donati, Giulia Francesca Azzurra et al. (2021), Species ecology explains the various spatial components of genetic diversity in tropical reef fishes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.5qfttdz4d

Abstract

Generating genomic data for 19 tropical reef fish species of the Western Indian Ocean, we investigate how species ecology influences genetic diver- sity patterns from local to regional scales. We distinguish between the α, β and γ components of genetic diversity, which we subsequently link to six ecological traits. We find that the α and γ components of genetic diversity are strongly correlated so that species with a high total regional genetic diversity display systematically high local diversity. The α and γ diversity components are negatively associated with species abundance recorded using underwater visual surveys and positively with body size. Pelagic larval duration is found to be negatively related to genetic β diversity supporting its role as a dispersal trait in marine fishes. Deviation from the neutral theory of molecular evolution motivates further effort to understand the processes shaping genetic diversity and ultimately the diversification of the exceptional diversity of tropical reef fishes.

Methods

Data files and R codes used to perform analyses in Donati et al. "Species ecology explains the various spatial components of genetic diversity in tropical reef fishes".

Donati_et_al_Species_ecology_genetic_diversity_data.zip

Donati_et_al_Species_ecology_genetic_diversity_R_codes.zip

Funding

SNF-ANR, Award: 310030E‐164294