Data from: Can alternative mating tactics facilitate introgression across a hybrid zone by circumventing female choice?
Stewart, Kathryn A.; Hudson, Cameron M.; Lougheed, Stephen C. (2016), Data from: Can alternative mating tactics facilitate introgression across a hybrid zone by circumventing female choice?, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.5t19f
Reproductive barriers and divergence in species’ mate recognition systems underlie major models of speciation. However, hybridization between divergent species is common, and classic mechanisms to explain permeable reproductive barriers rarely consider how an individual may attain reproductive success. Alternative mating tactics exist in various forms across animal taxa. Such tactics may allow poorer quality individuals to gain mating opportunities and facilitate introgression either through asymmetrical positive selection, or by circumventing female choice altogether in areas of secondary contact. One such tactic is satellite behaviour in frogs, where silent males perch near advertisers in an attempt to intercept females. To test whether such satellite male tactics are context-dependent and favoured by hybrids, we genotyped and quantified the morphology of 80 male spring peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) individuals involved in caller-satellite associations from a secondary contact zone between two intraspecific mitochondrial lineages. Irrespective of population, satellite behaviour was best predicted by size but not body condition. Within the contact zone, pure individuals showed a significantly greater probability of being active callers, whereas hybrids of one lineage were more likely to adopt the satellite tactic. We suggest that satellite behaviour in P. crucifer promotes introgression, breaks-down reproductive isolating barriers, and contributes to asymmetrical introgression in this secondary contact zone. Alternative mating tactics may thus be an underexplored but important alternative to oft-discussed causes of genetic discordance found in hybrid zones.