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Datasets supporting: Coastal regions of the northern Antarctic Peninsula are key for gentoo populations

Citation

Korczak-Abshire, Malgorzata et al. (2021), Datasets supporting: Coastal regions of the northern Antarctic Peninsula are key for gentoo populations, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.5x69p8d20

Abstract

Southern Ocean ecosystems are rapidly changing due to climate variability. An apparent beneficiary of such change in the western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) is the gentoo penguin Pygoscelis papua, which has increased its population size and expanded its range southward in the last 20 years. To better understand how this species has responded to large-scale changes, we tracked individuals during the non-breeding winter period from five colonies across the latitudinal range of breeding sites in the WAP, including from a recently-established colony. Results highlight latitudinal gradients in movement; strong associations with shallow, coastal habitats along the entire Antarctic Peninsula; and movements that are independent of, yet constrained by, sea ice. It is clear that coastal habitats essential to gentoo penguins during the breeding season are similarly critical during winter. Larger movements of birds from northern colonies in the WAP further suggest that leap-frog migration may influence colonization events by facilitating nest-area prospecting and use of new haul-out sites. Our results support efforts to develop a marine protected area around the WAP. Winter habitats used by gentoo penguins outline high priority areas for improving management of the spatiotemporally concentrated krill (Euphausia superba) fishery that operates in this region during winter.

Methods

This data set contains a zipped file with 71 individual .csv file used to support the analysis of winter movements of penguins presented by Korczak-Abshire et al. 2021, " Coastal regions of the northern Antarctic Peninsula are key for gentoo populations." Data include geographical position estimates from satellite telemetry studies on gentoo (P. papua) penguins tracked from the Antarctic peninsula region,  sea ice concentration, and depth of the sea floor at the position, colony identifier for where tracking commenced, the binary identifier of life stage of the investigated individuals.

Usage Notes

A read me file is included with the data to identify fields, units, and study locations.

Funding

Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources Ecosystem Monitoring Program Special Fund

NASA MEaSUREs Program

Henryk Arctowski Polish Antarctic Station

Instituto Antartico Argentino-Direccion Nacional del Antartico

NASA MEaSUREs Program

Henryk Arctowski Polish Antarctic Station

Instituto Antartico Argentino-Direccion Nacional del Antartico