Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Memory-two zero-determinant strategies in repeated games

Citation

Ueda, Masahiko (2021), Memory-two zero-determinant strategies in repeated games, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.612jm6435

Abstract

Repeated games have provided an explanation how mutual cooperation can be achieved even if defection is more favorable in a one-shot game in prisoner's dilemma situation. Recently found zero-determinant strategies have substantially been investigated in evolutionary game theory. The original memory-one zero-determinant strategies unilaterally enforce linear relations between average payoffs of players. Here, we extend the concept of zero-determinant strategies to memory-two strategies in repeated games. Memory-two zero-determinant strategies unilaterally enforce linear relations between correlation functions of payoffs and payoffs at the previous round. Examples of memory-two zero-determinant strategy in the repeated prisoner's dilemma game are provided, some of which generalize the Tit-for-Tat strategy to memory-two case. Extension of zero-determinant strategies to memory-$n$ case with $n\geq 2$ is also straightforward.