Data from: Genetics of a de novo origin of undifferentiated multicellularity
Herron, Matthew D.; Ratcliff, William C.; Boswell, Jacob; Rosenzweig, Frank (2018), Data from: Genetics of a de novo origin of undifferentiated multicellularity, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6447n78
The evolution of multicellularity was a major transition in evolution and set the stage for unprecedented increases in complexity, especially in land plants and animals. Here we explore the genetics underlying a de novo origin of multicellularity in a microbial evolution experiment carried out on the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. We show that large-scale changes in gene expression underlie the transition to a multicellular life cycle. Among these, changes to genes involved in cell cycle and reproductive processes were overrepresented, as were changes to C. reinhardtii-specific and volvocine-specific genes. These results suggest that the genetic basis for the experimental evolution of multicellularity in C. reinhardtii has both lineage-specific and shared features, and that the shared features have more in common with C. reinhardtii’s relatives among the volvocine algae than with other multicellular green algae or land plants.
National Science Foundation, Award: DEB-1723293