Data from: Comparative transcriptome and lipidome analyses reveal molecular chilling responses in chilling-tolerant sorghums
Marla, Sandeep R. et al. (2018), Data from: Comparative transcriptome and lipidome analyses reveal molecular chilling responses in chilling-tolerant sorghums, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.64g86
Chilling temperatures (0 to 15°C) are a major constraint for temperate cultivation of tropical-origin crops, including the cereal crop sorghum (Sorghum bicolor [L.] Moench). Northern Chinese sorghums have adapted to early-season chilling, but molecular mechanisms of chilling tolerance are unknown. We used RNA sequencing of seedlings to compare the chilling-responsive transcriptomes of a chilling-tolerant Chinese accession with a chilling-sensitive US reference line, and mass spectrometry to compare chilling-responsive lipidomes of four chilling-tolerant Chinese accessions with two US reference lines. Comparative transcriptomics revealed chilling-induced up-regulation of cold-response regulator C-repeat binding factor (CBF) transcription factor and genes involved in reactive oxygen detoxification, jasmonic acid (JA) biosynthesis, and lipid remodeling phospholipase Dα1 (PLDα1) gene in the chilling-tolerant Chinese line. Lipidomics revealed conserved chilling-induced increases in lipid unsaturation, as well as lipid remodeling of photosynthetic membranes that is specific to chilling-tolerant Chinese accessions. Our results point to CBF-mediated transcriptional regulation, galactolipid and phospholipid remodeling, and JA as potential molecular mechanisms underlying chilling adaptation in Chinese sorghums. These molecular systems underlying chilling response could be targeted in molecular breeding for chilling tolerance.