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Dispersal ability and its consequences for population genetic differentiation and diversification

Citation

Suárez, Daniel; Arribas, Paula; Jiménez-García, Eduardo; Emerson, Brent (2022), Dispersal ability and its consequences for population genetic differentiation and diversification, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.66t1g1k4b

Abstract

Dispersal ability is known to influence geographic structuring of genetic variation within species, with a direct relationship between low vagility and population genetic structure, which can potentially give rise to allopatric speciation. However, our general understanding of the relationship between dispersal ability, population differentiation and lineage diversification is limited. To address this issue, we sampled mitochondrial DNA variation within lineages of beetles and spiders across the Canary Islands to explore the relationships between dispersal ability, differentiation within lineages and diversification. We found positive relationships between population genetic structure and diversification for both beetles and spiders. Comparisons between dispersive and non-dispersive lineages revealed significant differences for both lineage differentiation and diversification. For both taxa, non-dispersive lineages had stronger population genetic structure. Genus-level endemic species richness and proxies for diversification rate within genera were higher in non-dispersive taxa for both beetles and spiders. Comparisons of average and maximum node divergences within genera suggest that species turnover may be higher in non-dispersive genera. Our results reveal a model where dispersal limitation may shape the diversity of lineages across evolutionary time scales by positively influencing intraspecific and species diversity, moderated by higher extinction rates compared to more dispersive lineages.

Funding

Spanish Agencia Estatal de Investigación, Award: CGL2017-85718-P

Spanish Agencia Estatal de Investigación, Award: PID2020-116788GB-I00

Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Award: PRE2018-083230

Ministerio de Educación y Formación Profesional, Award: FPU18/04601