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Data from: Silent oceans: ocean acidification impoverishes natural soundscapes by altering sound production of the world’s noisiest marine invertebrate

Citation

Rossi, Tullio; Connell, Sean D.; Nagelkerken, Ivan (2016), Data from: Silent oceans: ocean acidification impoverishes natural soundscapes by altering sound production of the world’s noisiest marine invertebrate, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.67fp5

Abstract

Soundscapes are multidimensional spaces that carry meaningful information for many species about the location and quality of nearby and distant resources. Because soundscapes are the sum of the acoustic signals produced by individual organisms and their interactions, they can be used as a proxy for the condition of whole ecosystems and their occupants. Ocean acidification resulting from anthropogenic CO2 emissions is known to have profound effects on marine life. However, despite the increasingly recognised ecological importance of soundscapes, there is no empirical test of whether ocean acidification can affect biological sound production. Using field recordings obtained from three geographically separated natural CO2 vents, we show that forecasted end-of-century ocean acidification conditions can profoundly reduce biological sound quantity and quality. Snapping shrimps were among the noisiest marine organisms and the suppression of their sound production at vents was responsible for the vast majority of the soundscape alteration observed. To assess mechanisms that could account for these observations, we tested whether long-term exposure (2-3 months) to elevated CO2 induced a similar reduction in the snapping behaviour (loudness and frequency) of snapping shrimps. The results indicated that the soniferous behaviour of these animals was substantially reduced in both frequency and sound level of snaps produced. As coastal marine soundscapes are dominated by biological sounds produced by snapping shrimps, the observed suppression of this component of soundscapes could have important and possibly pervasive ecological consequences for organisms that use soundscapes as a source of information. This trend towards silence could be of particular importance for those species whose larval stages use sound for orientation towards settlement habitats.

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