Data from: The diverse fossil chelonians from Milia (Late Pliocene, Grevena, Greece) with a new species of Testudo Linnaeus, 1758 (Testudines: Testudinidae)
Vlachos, Evangelos, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Tsoukala, Evangelia, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Published Sep 10, 2016 on Dryad.
Cite this dataset
Vlachos, Evangelos; Tsoukala, Evangelia (2016). Data from: The diverse fossil chelonians from Milia (Late Pliocene, Grevena, Greece) with a new species of Testudo Linnaeus, 1758 (Testudines: Testudinidae) [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6970v
The late Pliocene (early Villafranchian, MN 16a) locality of Milia (Grevena, Greece) has yielded numerous remains of mammals, such as zygodons, mastodons, rhinocerotids, hipparions, bovids, cervids, suids, carnivorans and tapirs. Several specimens of chelonians have also been discovered and comprise a small testudinid, a geoemydid and a giant tortoise. The presence of a giant tortoise and the presence of a geoemydid with large dimensions are further examples of the trend towards gigantism evidenced by the diverse fauna of Milia. In terms of taxonomic abundance of extinct turtles, this is the richest locality in Greece. The small testudinid is of particular importance because it preserves a posteriorly flared carapace, as in the extant Testudo marginata, but the posterior carapace is much taller and anteroposteriorly shorter. These characters allow us to erect a new species, Testudo brevitesta sp. nov., and to discuss the presence of the marginated tortoise and closely related forms in Greece. The new taxon is analysed in a phylogenetic context within other extant and extinct testudinids, providing new information on the clade Testudona.
Description of specimens and definition of characters
This document contains detailed descriptions of the specimens presented here and additional information on the definition of characters used in the phylogenetic analysis
The character/taxon matrix in TNT format
This file contains the character/taxon matrix in TNT format.
Consensus tree of the constrained analysis
This file contains the consensus tree (in txt format) of the constrained analysis with the list of common synapomorphies.
4 most parsimonious trees of the constrained analysis
This file contains the 4 most parsimonious trees (in txt format) of the constrained analysis with the list of common synapomorphies.
Strict consensus tree of the unconstrained (A) and the constrained (B) analysis
Strict consensus tree of the unconstrained (A) and the constrained (B) analysis. Extinct taxa are marked with an asterisk. See text for further details.