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Source data and code for: Climate change transforms the functional identity of Mediterranean coralligenous assemblages


Gómez-Gras, Daniel et al. (2021), Source data and code for: Climate change transforms the functional identity of Mediterranean coralligenous assemblages, Dryad, Dataset,


 We used five long-term (>10 years) records of Mediterranean coralligenous assemblages in a multi-taxa, trait-based analysis to investigate MHW-driven changes in functional structure. We show that, despite stability in functional richness (i.e., the range of species functional traits), MHW-impacted assemblages experienced long-term directional changes in functional identity (i.e., their dominant trait values). Declining traits included large sizes, long lifespans, arborescent morphologies, filter feeding strategies or calcified skeletons. These traits, which were mostly supported by few sensitive and irreplaceable species from a single functional group (habitat-forming octocorals), disproportionally influence certain ecosystem functions (e.g., 3D-habitat provision). Hence, MHWs are leading to assemblages that are deficient in key functional traits, with likely consequences for the ecosystem functioning.

Usage Notes

The dataset contains: 

i) a metadata file explaining what the data are in each column and what rows represent. 

ii) the raw data files that were analysed to produce all statistics and figures that appear in the paper 

iii) R code used to produce the figures,

For the functional analyses to work, the code files 1-3 need to be run in R software in order as follows:

  1. Functional space & Frich
  2. Abundance distribution of traits & FI
  3. Broad clustering analysis


Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, Award: ICREA Academia 2019

Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte, Award: FPU15/05457

Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation, Award: MIMOSA/1983

Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca, Award: 2017SGR1521

John Templeton Foundation, Award: #60501

Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Award: UIDB/04423/2020,UIDP/04423/2020

H2020 European Research Council, Award: MERCES/689518,FutureMARES/SEP‐210597628