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Data from: Integration and modularity of teleostean pectoral fin shape and its role in the diversification of acanthomorph fishes

Citation

Du, Trina Y.; Tissandier, Sylvie C.; Larsson, Hans C. E. (2018), Data from: Integration and modularity of teleostean pectoral fin shape and its role in the diversification of acanthomorph fishes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6cp0f00

Abstract

Phenotypic integration and modularity describe the strength and pattern of interdependencies between traits. Integration and modularity have been proposed to influence the trajectory of evolution, either acting as constraints or facilitators. Here, we examine trends in the integration and modularity of pectoral fin morphology in teleost fishes using geometric morphometrics. We compare the fin shapes of the highly diverse radiation of acanthomorph fishes to lower teleosts. Integration and modularity are measured using two-block partial least squares analysis and the covariance ratio coefficient between the radial bones and lepidotrichia of the pectoral fins. We show that the fins of acanthomorph fishes are more tightly integrated but also more morphologically diverse and faster evolving compared to non-acanthomorph fishes. The main pattern of shape covariation in non-acanthomorphs is concordant with the main trajectory of evolution between non-acanthomorphs and acanthomorphs. Our findings support a facilitating role for integration during the acanthomorph diversification. Potential functional consequences and developmental mechanisms of fin integration are discussed.

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